The Phantom Poles of William Reed

Phantom Poles and Hollow Earth at Mount Shasta

There are many accounts of subterranean dweller that live within Mt. Shasta. But how probable is Hollow Earth theory? William Reed and Arctic explorers provide compelling evidence.  

“Phantom of the Poles” by William Reed

One of the more authoritative and scientific arguments for Hollow Earth theory was written by William Reed in his Phantom of the Poles. Reed’s book was a serious endeavor to gather information for Hollow Earth theory. He estimated the earth’s crust to be 800 miles thick and the hollow of the interior to have a diameter of 6,400 miles. He argues that the earth is hollow with openings at the northern and southern extremities. Reed notes, “the poles are but phantoms, the earth is hollow, or all principles of reasoning must fail.”

Reed writes that the earth is not round, because if it were, it would be daylight all the time at the poles, instead there are long periods of darkness. The north and south poles are flattened, which demonstrates that it is possible to have a hollow, or double world. He observes if one were to sail north, “holding that course you sail round the farthest point north, you gradually pass into the interior, and your head will soon be toward the north and your feet toward the south.” It has been noted in the Artic circle that there is a reflection of water in the sky; this is, however, not a reflection. 

Reed explained that different colors in the aurora borealis are caused by the dirt, dust and smoke throw up onto the earth’s surface from the subterranean regions. The burning of mineral, gas and oils would also cause changes in this color. Many times there is a noise accompanied with the aurora, which is descried as rustling, hissing and crackling noises. If the aurora were caused by electricity, it would be the same color as lightening. The aurora appears in any weather condition, day or night and for any length of time, either minutes or days. The aurora borealis remained a scientific curiosity for hundreds of years, and fascinating mysteries still surround its existence.

Reed also argues that there is evidence for a hollow earth from outer space. “Shooting stars are meteors passing through the air, thrown up by a volcanic eruption, and all meteors that have struck the earth come out of the earth, internally or externally” Meteors, which have no known substance on the earth’s surface, shoot out of the interior and have properties known to the inner earth. Also, rocks, dirt and dust that are often found in icebergs were blown into the air from the inner earth and formed with the iceberg. Furthermore, the dust in the Artic Ocean has carbon and iron components, both of which come from volcanic activity in the interior. It is argued that comets pass debris into earth’s atmosphere but it is more likely that the debris originates from a terrestrial source. Reed argues that if the dust came from outer space, it would block out the sun.

Reed argues that the North Artic Ocean is never totally frozen over because icebergs and glaciers are moving in and out of the interior of the earth. The icebergs are created in the interior of the earth on streams then freeze, and break away floating to the surface. It is too warm for icebergs to freeze at the poles and there is a lack of rainfall. The 1.5 to 2 inches per year of rainfall is not enough to form a glacier or iceberg. The heat at the poles is explained by the warmer temperatures at the poles, where heat rises from the interior. An example of this is the mutton-birds, or shearwaters of Australia. Reed states that they migrate in September “and no one has ever been able to find out where they go.” He concludes that they reside in the interior of the earth.

Other evidence Reed cites for the Hollow Earth theory include the clouds, fog and vapors found at the poles. Reed notes, “the earth being hollow, the atmosphere in passing out, either north or south, would affect the country it passes into in the same manner.” The Hollow Earth theory also questions the role of gravity because it is supposedly located in the center of the earth. Reed concludes, “Again, if the center of the walls of the earth is the center of gravity, then the greatest attraction would be at the poles, where it is found to be.”

Other Polar Explorers

Reed draws his conclusions from journals of polar explorers. Reed concludes that the captains had not erred, but were “lost” because they were unaware that their ships had entered the interior of the earth. These explorers include: Elisha Kent Kane (1820-1857), who explored the Arctic regions, tracing Sir John Franklin’s expedition. Kane later wrote Arctic Explorations (1857); Adolphus Washington Greely (1849-1918) who commanded the Lady Franklin Bay Expedition, from 1881 to 1884. He later wrote Three Years of Arctic Service (1894) and Robert Peary (1856-1920) who made polar voyages in 1886, 1891, 1893-95, 1896, 1897 and in 1898-1902. He wrote Secrets of Polar Travel (1917) and North Pole (1968[1910]); Sir John Franklin (1786-1847) wrote two accounts of his voyages (1969[1823]); 1969[1828]), one account covering the years 1819 to 1822 and the second account covering 1825 to 1827. He died during his third voyage.

Other polar explorers include George Wallace Melville (1841-1912) who led the sole surviving party from George Washington DeLong’s tragic North Polar expedition. DeLong conceived of a plan for reaching the North Pole while serving with a polar expedition that sailed around Greenland in 1873. Melville wrote an account in 1885 titled In the Lena Delta that recounts this expedition. Charles Francis Hall (1821-1871) wrote Life with the Esquimaux (1970[1865]) which recounts his expedition.

Fridtjof Nansen (1861-1930), a Norwegian arctic explorer, scientist, politician and humanitarian recounts his experience in First Crossing of Greenland (1890). Nansen writes that while navigating his ship to the North Pole, he reported seeing a red sun at a time when the sun was known to be below the horizon. All of these arctic explorers’ observations led credence to the notion that the earth is indeed, hollow.

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