Atlantis in America

Spanish explorer Francesco López de Gómara (1511-1564) was the first person to propose that Atlantis was in America (1587). Almost one hundred years later, Francis Bacon wrote New Atlantis, which also connected America to Atlantis. Later, Lewis Spence published Atlantis in America, where evidence is in the “Atlantis culture-complex.” This includes Quetzalcoatl as a representative of Atlantis, religious aspects of Native American groups, witchcraft, and the similarity of myths of North and South American groups. The Mayan civilization is the best example of a culture that originated in the eastern and Atlantic regions. Nevertheless, this popular theory of Atlantis in America began to fall out of favor in the middle of the nineteenth century, probably because of the increased knowledge of North American history. In the later nineteenth century, the Atlanteans were associated with much more ancient peoples, including the Goths, Gauls, Druids, Egyptians, and Scyths.     

Minnesota congressional representative Ignatius Donnelly is credited with re-introducing the subject of Atlantis. His book, Atlantis: The Antediluvian World, was first published in 1882 and went through fifty reprints until 1949. He credits the Atlanteans with creating modern medicine and the alphabet. Donnelly recognizes evidence of Atlantis in the archaeological record. He claims that Atlanteans constructed monuments using huge blocks of stone without mortar, commonly found at Mycenae, Malta, Tiahuanaco, Ollantaytambo, Monte Alban, Stonehenge, and Osirion at Abydos.

In addition, Donnelly proposes Atlantis as a missing link to explain similarities in culture, art, architecture, legends, and belief systems of distant cultures around the world – especially the pyramids. Donnelly argues that the original kings and queens of Atlantis have become confused for the gods and goddesses of the Greeks, Phoenicians, Hindus, and Scandinavians. For Donnelly, myths of these pantheons have become confused with actual historical events.

Further Reading